An Electronic Journal of
Geography and Mathematics


Persistent URL:

Founded in 1990.

Cite articles as:  Author names(s), Year.  Title of article, Solstice:  An Electronic Journal of Geography and Mathematics,
Vol. XX, No. YY.  Ann Arbor:  Institute of Mathematical Geography

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Solstice Home
Institute of Mathematical Geography, All rights reserved in all formats.
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Final version of IMaGe logo created by Allen K. Philbrick from original artwork from the Founder.

December, 2015


The word clouds (formed in Tagxedo, online) serve as a visual "abstract" of the article linked above!

Geospatial Data-Information-Knowledge-Wisdom Hierarchy

Robert  F. Austin

Topics in Spatial Mathematics:  Area

Sandra L. Arlinghaus, William C. Arlinghaus, Joseph Kerski

Special Editorial Commentary:  Ruth Favro Wins National Award for Mathematics Coaching, Based on a Recent Interview as Told to Solstice Editor

Ruth Favro


  • From Robert F. Austin:  Find out which brewery is closest to you; an application of Voronoi polygons.  Link to article in the Washington Post.  (The full file should load from this link when loaded from a computer; it may or may not load from a smartphone.)
  • Links from George Mokray.
  • From Sandra L. Arlinghaus:  MathGeog applet. 
    • Best strategy:  Go to the App Store, search on MathGeog and download the free app to your iPhone, iPod, or iPad. 
    • Link to mobile version.  If you click on the link in an iPhone, you should be taken directly to the mobile version.  Otherwise, you will simply go to a page containing a link to it.  The three bars in the upper left, when clicked on, will take you a navigation bar that slides in from the left.  Click on any icon on it to go to another page.  In the animation below, the navigation bar is shown entering the picture only once, for image clarity.  Remember to use the navigation bar...get to it by clicking on the three-bar symbol.  

In the In

, Meridian, Mississippi:  A place without parallel!

2.  Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement
3.  Awards



  1. Chene Street History Project.
  2. Spatial Mathematics:  Theory and Practice Through Mapping. Sandra L. Arlinghaus and Joseph Kerski, (2013), CRC PressLinked video.  Published July 2013, 
  3. The work above is the first volume in a series of books to be published by CRC Press in its series "Cartography, GIS, and Spatial Science:  Theory and Practice."  If you have an idea for a book to include, or wish to participate in some other way, please contact the series Editor, Sandra L. Arlinghaus.
  4. Virtual Cemetery with William E. Arlinghaus; an ongoing project that continues in development run in the virtual world in parallel with the trust-funded model of a real-world cemetery.


Solstice:  An Electronic Journal of Geography and Mathematics
Institute of Mathematical Geography (IMaGe).
All rights reserved worldwide, by IMaGe and by the authors.
Please contact an appropriate party concerning citation of this article:

Solstice was a Pirelli INTERNETional Award Semi-Finalist, 2001 (top 80 out of over 1000 entries worldwide)

One article in Solstice was a Pirelli INTERNETional Award Semi-Finalist, 2003 (Spatial Synthesis Sampler).

Solstice is listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals maintained by the University of Lund where it is maintained as a "searchable" journal.

Solstice is listed on the journals section of the website of the American Mathematical Society,
Solstice is listed in Geoscience e-Journals
IMaGe is listed on the website of the Numerical Cartography Lab of The Ohio State University:

Congratulations to all Solstice contributors.
Remembering those who are gone now but who contributed in various ways to Solstice or to IMaGe projects, directly or indirectly, during the first 28 years of IMaGe:

Allen K. Philbrick  Alma S. Lach   Donald F. Lach | Frank Harary | William D. DrakeH. S. M. Coxeter | Saunders Mac Lane | Chauncy D. Harris | Norton S. Ginsburg | Sylvia L. Thrupp | Arthur L. Loeb | George Kish
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Ann Arbor, MI 48104