An Electronic Journal of
Geography and Mathematics

Persistent URL:

Deep Blue

IMaGe Home

Solstice Home

Institute of Mathematical Geography, All rights reserved in all formats.
Works best with a high speed internet connection.
Final version of IMaGe logo created by Allen K. Philbrick from original artwork from the Founder.

Institute of Mathematical Geography


Founding Editor-in-Chief:
     Sandra Lach Arlinghaus, Ph.D., University of Michigan;
        Institute of Mathematical Geography (independent)

Editorial Advisory Board:
     Michael F. Goodchild, Ph.D., University of California, Santa Barbara
     Daniel A. Griffith, Ph.D., University of Texas, Dallas
     Joseph J. Kerski, Ph.D., Education Manager, Esri. 
     Ann E. Larimore, Ph.D., University of Michigan
     Jonathan D. Mayer, Ph.D., University of Washington (also School of Medicine)
     John D. Nystuen, Ph.D., University of Michigan
     William C. Arlinghaus, Ph.D., Lawrence Technological University
     Neal Brand, Ph.D., University of North Texas
     Kenneth H. Rosen, Ph.D., A. T. & T. Bell Laboratories
  Engineering Applications.
     William D. Drake, Ph.D., (deceased), University of Michigan
     Frederick L. Goodman, Ph.D., (deceased), University of Michigan
     William E. Arlinghaus, B.A.,  Brickhaus.
     Robert F. Austin, Ph.D., Austin Communications Education Services.

Book Review Editors:
     Richard Wallace, M.S., University of Michigan.
     Kameshwari Pothukuchi, Ph.D., Wayne State University

Web Design:
     Sandra L. Arlinghaus
     (with early input from William E. Arlinghaus).
Educational Technology:
Marc Schlossberg, Ph.D., University of Oregon
Ming-Hui Hsieh, M.A., Taiwan

Persistent URL:


Electronic address:


     The purpose of Solstice is to promote interaction between geography and mathematics. Articles in which elements of one discipline are used to shed light on the other are particularly sought.  Also welcome are original contributions that are purely geographical or purely mathematical.  These may be prefaced (by editor or author) with commentary suggesting directions that might lead toward the desired interactions. Individuals wishing to submit articles or other material should contact an editor, or send e-mail directly to


     Back issues of Solstice are available on the WebSite of the Institute of Mathematical Geography, and at various sites that can be found by searching under "Solstice" on the World Wide Web.  Thanks to Bruce Long (Arizona State University, Department of Mathematics) for taking an early initiative in archiving Solstice using GOPHER.


    To cite the electronic copy, note the exact time of transmission from Ann Arbor, and cite all the transmission matter as facts of publication.  Any copy that does not superimpose precisely upon the original as transmitted from Ann Arbor should be presumed to be an altered, bogus copy of Solstice. The oriental rug, with errors, serves as the model for creating this weaving of words and graphics.

2.  Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement
3.  Awards




Solstice:  An Electronic Journal of Geography and Mathematics
Institute of Mathematical Geography (IMaGe).
All rights reserved worldwide, by IMaGe and by the authors.
Please contact an appropriate party concerning citation of this article:

Solstice was a Pirelli INTERNETional Award Semi-Finalist, 2001 (top 80 out of over 1000 entries worldwide)

One article in Solstice was a Pirelli INTERNETional Award Semi-Finalist, 2003 (Spatial Synthesis Sampler).

Solstice is listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals maintained by the University of Lund where it is maintained as a "searchable" journal.

Solstice is listed on the journals section of the website of the American Mathematical Society,
Solstice is listed in Geoscience e-Journals
IMaGe is listed on the website of the Numerical Cartography Lab of The Ohio State University:

Congratulations to all Solstice contributors.
Remembering those who are gone now but who contributed in various ways to Solstice or to IMaGe projects, directly or indirectly, during the first 25 years of IMaGe:

Frederick L. Goodman   Allen K. Philbrick |Alma S. Lach | Donald F. Lach | Frank Harary | William D. DrakeH. S. M. Coxeter | Saunders Mac Lane | Chauncy D. Harris | Norton S. Ginsburg | Sylvia L. Thrupp | Arthur L. Loeb | George Kish
1964 Boulder Drive,
Ann Arbor, MI 48104