SOLSTICE:
An Electronic Journal of
Geography and Mathematics


Persistent URL:  http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/handle/2027.42/58219

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Final version of IMaGe logo created by Allen K. Philbrick from original artwork from the Founder.

SOLSTICE  ARCHIVES 

Click the issue you wish to read; Volumes I to V are typeset using TeX.  For typeset TeX articles containing images, see the Monograph Series.  All materials copyrighted; all rights reserved world wide.


2013
Volume XXIV, Number 1, 2013


VOLUME XXIV, NUMBER 1; 
June, 2013

Articles and Notes

Click on the left button to see a word cloud as an "abstract" of the adjacent article!
A Study of Munich Commuting

Waldo Tobler


MatheMaPics, Part 2

Sandra L. Arlinghaus
and
Joseph Kerski




2012
Volume XXIII, Number 2, 2012


VOLUME XXIII, NUMBER 2; 
December, 2012

Articles and Notes

Click on the sun/cloud button to see a word cloud of the adjacent article or related material!
On Mathematics of Navigational Calculations for Meridian Sailing

Serdjo Kos
and
Tibor K. Pogany 

Part 2.  Geosocial Networking: 
A Case from Ann Arbor, Michigan

David E. Arlinghaus
and
Sandra L. Arlinghaus

A Short Note

Waldo Tobler

Click on the sun/cloud to see wind maps as an idea of what is to come in people movement maps.


Update on Varroa Mite Spread

Diana Sammataro

Click on the sun/cloud to see an associated abstract published elsewhere.


QR Code Transformations

Sandra L. Arlinghaus

QR Code Alterations

Sandra L. Arlinghaus



2012
Volume XXIII, Number 1, 2012


VOLUME XXIII, NUMBER 1; 
June, 2012

News
  1. Spatial Mathematics:  Theory and Practice Through Mapping. Sandra L. Arlinghaus and Joseph Kerski, forthcoming (c. 2012), CRC Press.  Linked video. 
  2. The work above is the first volume in a series of books to be published by CRC Press in its series "Cartography, GIS, and Spatial Science:  Theory and Practice."  If you have an idea for a book to include, or wish to participate in some other way, please contact the series Editor, Sandra L. Arlinghaus.
  3. Virtual Cemetery with William E. Arlinghaus; an ongoing project that continues in development run in the virtual world in parallel with the trust-funded model of a real-world cemetery.

Articles

Click on the sun/cloud button to see a word cloud of the adjacent article!


From Tissot to Google Earth:
Sampling the Earth's Graticule

Sandra L. Arlinghaus

 and                                                                                                        

Joseph J. Kerski                                                                                 



Geosocial Networking: 
A Case from Ann Arbor, Michigan

David E. Arlinghaus                                                                             

and

Sandra L. Arlinghaus


Visual Abstracts:  Institute of Mathematical Geography

Sandra L. Arlinghaus





2011
Volume XXII, Number 2, 2011

VOLUME XXII, NUMBER 2; 
December, 2011

Contemporary Views Along the First Transcontinental Railroad
Richard Koenig

QRcode links to a pdf of a screen capture from the PowerPoint file hyperlinked above.

The Perimeter Project, Part 6
Connections:  Scholarly Multi-tasking in a Mobile Virtual World, Part 3.
Sandra L. Arlinghaus and William E. Arlinghaus

QRcode links to a pdf (not fully functional) of the PowerPoint file hyperlinked above.
Notes
This section is devoted to .kmz files to open in Google Earth,
created by the Solstice Editor, in support of a variety of projects.

  1. Bridge Odyssey of Craig Robinson, ACBL President 2011
  2. Transcontinental Railway Odyssey of Richard Koenig
  3. Varroa Mite Project of Diana Sammataro
  4. Virtual Cemetery with William E. Arlinghaus

1. 
2. 
3. 
4. 
QRcodes link to screen captures from the .kmz files hyperlinked above.

BOOK REVIEW
Notes and Comments on the Composition of Terrestrial and Celestial Maps
by J. H. Lambert
Translated and Introduced by Waldo R. Tobler
New edition, ESRI Press, 2011
Review by Sandra L. Arlinghaus



  2011
Volume XXII, Number 1, 2011




SOLSTICE,
VOLUME XXII, NUMBER 1; 

June, 2011
Articles marked with an asterisk coordinate with videos linked at the bottom of the Table of Contents.  Consider opening two windows and placing them side by side on your screen.

Front matter:  June, 2011.
Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement
Awards
Institute of Mathematical Geography
Quick Response Code (QR Code) Archive
Sandra L. Arlinghaus
*3D and 2D Mapping
Matthew Naud, Environmental Coordinator, City of Ann Arbor
and Systems Planning Staff
*Ann Arbor, Downtown Historical Marker Survey
(Available only as a .kmz file)
Sandra L. Arlinghaus
The Perimeter Project, Part 5
*Connections:  Scholarly Multi-tasking in a Mobile Virtual World, Part 2.
Sandra L. Arlinghaus and William E. Arlinghaus
*Pall-Gelman Plume, A Contemporary Google Earth View
(Available only as a .kmz file)
Roger Rayle
GooglEarth Day, 3rd Annual
Video links by Roger Rayle:
Youtube playlist for all four videos of GooglEarth Day #3 is:
http://www.youtube.com/playlist?p=PL97A8449B37A60055
The individual videos are:
20110422-GEDay3-part1 - Introduction & Matthew Naud
20110422-GEDay3-part2 - Sandra Arlinghaus
20110422-GEDay3-part3 - Richard Koenig
20110422-GEDay3-part4 - Roger Rayle
Solstice Archive

  2010
Volume XXI, Number 2, 2010




IMaGe Silver Jubilee
SOLSTICE,
VOLUME XXI, NUMBER 2; 

December, 2010

Front matter:  December, 2010.
Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement
Awards
Patterns, Maps, and Fractals:
The Case of United Kingdom Historical Data Sets

Sandra L. Arlinghaus and Michael Batty
Mapping It Out! A Contemporary View of Burgess's
Concentric Ring Model of Urban Growth
Sandra L. Arlinghaus and Daniel A. Griffith
The Quest to Save Honey: 
Tracking Bee Pests Using Mobile Technology

Diana Sammataro and Sandra L. Arlinghaus
Google Earth:  A Platform for Open Data
Roger Rayle
The Perimeter Project, Part 4:
Connections:  Scholarly Multi-tasking in a Mobile Virtual World
Associated .kmz file
Sandra L. Arlinghaus and William E. Arlinghaus
Mail
Solstice Archive



  2010
Volume XXI, Number 1, 2010



IMaGe Silver Jubilee
SOLSTICE,
VOLUME XXI, NUMBER 1; 

June, 2010

Front matter:  June, 2010.
Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement

Awards


Sandra L. Arlinghaus and Joseph J. Kerski
The Perimeter Project, Part 3:
Fragile Lands Protection Using Cemetery Zoning

Associated .kmz file
Sandra L. Arlinghaus and William E. Arlinghaus
Zipf's Hyperboloid--Revisited:
Compression and Navigation--Canonical Form

Sandra L. Arlinghaus
with input from an earlier article as part of an ongoing collaboration with
Michael Batty
Fractals Take A Non-Euclidean Central Place
Sandra L. Arlinghaus

Solstice Archive

  2009
Volume XX, Number 2, 2009


HAPPY TWENTIETH ANNIVERSARY!
 SOLSTICE,
VOLUME XX, NUMBER 2; 

DECEMBER, 2009.
Front matter:  December, 2009.
Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement
Awards
ARTICLES
(reviewed)
The Perimeter Project, Part 2:
Fragile Lands Protection Using Cemetery Zoning
Associated .kmz file
Associated video file (with thanks to Roger Rayle)

Sandra L. Arlinghaus and William E. Arlinghaus
Southeast Asia:  Historical Place Names Visualized in Google Earth
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus and Robert F. Austin
See Revised Monograph #4, below.
Essays on Mathematical Geography:  Contemporary Visualizations
Sandra L. Arlinghaus
See Revised Monograph #3, below
NOTES
Emergency Phones:  A Google Earth Approach
Sandra L. Arlinghaus
3D Annotated Archive
Sandra L. Arlinghaus
Revised eBooks and eBook Supplements,
Reflecting the power of current technology


IMaGe Monograph #3:
Sandra L. Arlinghaus, 1986.
Essays on Mathematical Geography.
Link to original
Link to supplementary material--see notation above

IMaGe Monograph #4:
Robert F. Austin, 1986.
A Historical Gazetteer of Southeast Asia.
Link to original
Link to supplementary material--see notation above
Solstice Archive

2009
Volume XX, Number 1, 2009


HAPPY TWENTIETH ANNIVERSARY!
 SOLSTICE,
VOLUME XX, NUMBER 1; 

JUNE, 2009.
Front matter:  June, 2009.
Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
Awards
ARTICLES
(reviewed)
The Perimeter Project:
Fragile Lands Protection Using Cemetery Zoning
Sandra L. Arlinghaus and William E. Arlinghaus
Bee Ranges and Almond Orchard Locations: Contemporary Visualization
Sandra L. Arlinghaus and Diana Sammataro
Air Pollution Changes in the Detroit Metro Area from 1988 - 2004
Kerry Ard
eBOOKS
New eBook
Spatial Synthesis:  Volume II, Book 4
(requires use of Google® Earth as browser)
Revised eBooks and eBook Supplements,
Reflecting the power of current technology


IMaGe Monograph #1:
Sandra L. Arlinghaus and John D. Nystuen, 1986. 
Mathematical Geography and Global Art:
the Mathematics of David Barr's `Four Corners Project'.

Link to original
Link to supplementary material

IMaGe Monograph #2: 
Sandra L. Arlinghaus, 1986.

Down the Mail Tubes: the Pressured Postal Era, 1853-1984.
Link to original
Link to supplementary material
ANNOUNCEMENTS
Related Conference
GooglEarthDay:  April 22, 2009
Program
Video Link
Photo Link

Solstice Archive

2008
Volume XIX, Number 2, 2008
 SOLSTICE,
VOLUME XIX, NUMBER 2; 

DECEMBER, 2008.
Front matter:  December, 2008.
Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
Awards
Introduction
ARTICLES
(reviewed)
Electronic Journals: 
Then and Now...
A Fifteen Year Retrospective

Sandra Lach Arlinghaus and Richard H. Zander
Charting the Past: 
Population-Environment Dynamics
Sandra Arlinghaus and Michael Batty
Project Archimedes:
Google Earth Experiments in
Innovative Scientific Communication

Sandra Lach Arlinghaus
ANNOUNCEMENT
New eBooks

Spatial Synthesis:  Volume II, Book 1:
Scientific, Planning, Humanitarian, and Teaching Applications,
From DevInfo to Google Earth


Spatial Synthesis:  Volume II, Book 2:
Making It Clear:  The Importance of Transparency


GooglEbooks (requires use of Google® Earth as browser):
Spatial Synthesis:  Volume II, Book 2:
Making It Clear:  The Importance of Transparency


Spatial Synthesis:  Volume II, Book 3.
Population-Environment Dynamics:  The Power of the Network Link

Mail
Solstice Archive


2008
Volume XIX, Number 1, 2008
SOLSTICE,
VOLUME XIX, NUMBER 1; 
JUNE, 2008.

Front matter:  June, 2008.
Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
Awards
Introduction
ARTICLES
(reviewed)
Huron River Tour, Ann Arbor
Matthew Naud
Detroit North American Bridge Championship:  the Google Earth Display
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus
NOTES
Mouth Geography...Or, Sleep Apnea and Linguistics?
William E. Arlinghaus
Deep Blue:  IMaGe Author Applets
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus
Mail
Solstice Archive
Cover  background bus animation from Lars Schumann's work in this issue.


2007
Volume XVIII, Number 2, 2007
 SOLSTICE, VOLUME XVIII, NUMBER 2; 
DECEMBER, 2007.
Front matter:  December, 2007.
Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
Awards
(contains recent listing of "blue ribbons" from the "Best of the Google 3D Warehouse")
SPECIAL ISSUE ON PROJECTIVE GEOMETRY CONSTRUCTIONS
ARTICLES
(reviewed)

Sandra Lach Arlinghaus
The Animated Pascal

Sandra Lach Arlinghaus
Desargues's Two-Triangle Theorem

Sandra Lach Arlinghaus
ANNOUNCEMENT and INVITATION
New Student Series in IMaGe eBooks
IN MEMORIAM
ALLEN K. PHILBRICK
NORTON S. GINSBURG
Mail
Solstice Archive

2007
Volume XVIII, Number 1, 2007
 SOLSTICE, VOLUME XVIII, NUMBER 1; 
JUNE, 2007.
Front matter:  June, 2007.
Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
Awards
ARTICLE
(reviewed)
Spatial Analysis through the Looking Glass
Peter Martin

ANNOUNCEMENT


3D Atlas of Ann Arbor, 3rd Edition

Sandra Lach Arlinghaus

NOTES
Update on the Varroa Mite Map
Diana Sammataro
[with Editorial Commentary]

Editorial Commentary on Essays of this Section

The Prediction of Indian Monsoon Rainfall: A Regression Approach
Goutami Bandyopadhyay

Autocorrelation Structure Analysis and Auto Regressive Prediction of the Time Series of Mean Monthly Total Ozone overArosa, Switzerland
Goutami Bandyopadhyay and Surajit Chattopadhyay
Mail
Solstice Archive

2006
Volume XVII, Number 2, 2006
SPECIAL ISSUE ON INTERNET GEOMETRY AND GEOGRAPHY
SOLSTICE, VOLUME XVII, NUMBER 2;  DECEMBER, 2006.
SPECIAL ISSUE ON INTERNET GEOMETRY AND GEOGRAPHY

Front matter:  December, 2006.
Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
Awards
Articles (reviewed):
Introduction to the Special Issue
Visualizing Rank and Size of Cities and Towns
Sandra Arlinghaus and Michael Batty
Visualizing a Map of Walter Christaller, Poland 1941
Part I:  Benchmarking the Map.
Part II:  Interpolation of the Benchmarked Map.
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus
NOTES:

Update on the Varroa Mite Map
Diana Sammataro

Mail
Solstice Archive


2006
Volume XVII, Number 1, 2006

CURRENT ISSUE
SOLSTICE, VOLUME XVII, NUMBER 1; 
JUNE, 2006
Cover
Front matter: June, 2006.
Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
Awards
Articles (reviewed):
Waldo Tobler
Looking at Some Data from Isard
From a presentation given at the Western Regional Science Association in Santa Fe, New Mexico, February, 2006.
Sandra L. Arlinghaus and William C. Arlinghaus
Maps and Decisions:  Part II--Ambiguity; Part III--Redistricting;  Part IV--Club Data
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus
3D Atlas of Ann Arbor:  The Google Earth® Approach  Part IPart II
Research Announcement:

Sandra L. Arlinghaus and Michael Batty
Zipf's Hyperboloid?
Book Reviews:

Wildberger, Norman
Divine Proportions:  Rational Trigonometry to Universal Geometry.
Review by S. Arlinghaus

William C. Arlinghaus
PseudoCoup® :  A Psubtle Puzzle
Link to Solution
Mail
Solstice Archive


2005
Volume XVI, Number 2, 2005
CURRENT ISSUE
SOLSTICE, VOLUME XVI, NUMBER 2; 
WINTER, 2005.
Cover
Front matter: Winter, 2005.
Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
Awards
Articles (reviewed):
Veronique Van Acker and Frank Witlox
Exploring the Relationships between Land-use System and Travel Behaviour Concepts:  Some First Findings
[ed.]  This file displays best in Microsoft Internet Explorer or Avant browsers
Waldo Tobler
Using Asymmetry to Estimate Potential
From a talk given in Redondo Beach, CA--1005.
[ed.] Readers who enjoy Professor Tobler�s article may also wish to consider work by Jerrold Grossman involving Research on Collaboration in Research, http://www.oakland.edu/enp/research.html, and related topics on Professor Grossman�s home page, http://personalwebs.oakland.edu/~grossman/
John D. Nystuen
Photo Essay:  The Emerald Ash Borer
Photos in this essay looked best using screen set at highest resolution available.
Sandra L. Arlinghaus and William C. Arlinghaus
Beyond the Shadow
Variation on a submission for the Pirelli Relativity Challenge of 2005.
NEWS:  UPDATE ON THE 3D ATLAS OF ANN ARBOR
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus

Archimedes in Ann Arbor?

Alyssa J. Domzal, Ui Sang Hwang, and Kris J. Walters, Jr.
Virtual Flood in the Allen Creek Floodplain and Floodway
Mail
Solstice Archive

2005
Volume XVI, Number 1, 2005
CURRENT ISSUE
SOLSTICE, VOLUME XVI, NUMBER 1; 
SUMMER, 2005.
Cover
Front matter: Winter, 2005.
Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
Awards
In Memoriam
Frank Harary
Saunders Mac Lane
Articles (reviewed):
Spatial Synthesis
The Evidence of Cartographic Example:  Hierarchy and Centrality
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus
 Kioskland:  A Strategy for Linking Hierarchical Levels of Virtual Reality Maps
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus et al.
Research Announcements

A Methodology for Historical Geography:  Internet Implementation
Ann Evans Larimore with Sandra Lach Arlinghaus and Robert Haug 

Spatial Synthesis:  Investigations in Progress
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus

Mail
Solstice Archive

  2004
Volume XV, Number 2, 2004
CURRENT ISSUE
SOLSTICE, VOLUME XV, NUMBER 2; 
WINTER, 2004.
Cover
Front matter: Winter, 2004.
Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
Awards
Articles (reviewed):
Spatial Synthesis:  3D Atlas of Ann Arbor
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus
Cross-discipline Analogy:  Information Impedance Matching
Peter Martin
Goode's 80th!
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus
Notes, Research Announcements, and Observations

Continental USA Travel Tracks
Gottfried Hogh

Two Rivers Ridge:  Capturing Art
Sandra Arlinghaus and Braxton Blake

Mail
Solstice Archive


2004
Volume XV, Number 1, 2004
CURRENT ISSUE
SOLSTICE, VOLUME XV, NUMBER 1; 
JUNE, 2004.
Cover
Front matter: Summer, 2004.
Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
Awards to Solstice Authors
Articles (reviewed):
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus and William Charles Arlinghaus
Spatial Synthesis Sampler. 
Geometric Visualization of Hexagonal Hierarchies:  Animation and Virtual Reality
Klaus-Peter Beier
One Optimization of an Earlier Model of Virtual Downtown Ann Arbor
Frank J. A. Witlox, Aloys W. J. Borgers, Harry J. P. Timmermans
Modelling Locational Decision Making of Firms Using Multidimensional Fuzzy Decision Tables:  An Illustration
Sandra L. Arlinghaus, Fred J. Beal, and Douglas S. Kelbaugh
The View from the Top:  Visualizing Downtown Ann Arbor in Three Dimensions
Marc Schlossberg
Visualizing Accessibility II: Access to Food
Summer in the Northern Hemisphere is Winter in the Southern Hemisphere...

Peter A. Martin
Energy Flow:  Spatial and Temporal Patterns

Alma S. Lach
Winter Windows:   Ice Largo
Seung-Hoon Han
Spatial Analysis of Subway Zones in Boston, Massachusetts
Andrew Walton
A Golfer's Resource:  Huron Hills Golf Course, Ann Arbor, Michigan
Thana Chirapiwat (link to his server, unreviewed material)
Visualization of Geographic Information with VRML
Mail

  2003
Volume XIV, Number 2, 2003

CURRENT ISSUE
SOLSTICE, VOLUME XIV, NUMBER 2; 
WINTER, 2003.
Cover
Front matter: Winter, 2003.
Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
Awards to Solstice Authors
Articles (reviewed):
Sandra Arlinghaus, Robert Haug, Ann Larimore
Lewis and Clark, 200 Years:  A Visual Tribute to an Exploration.
The Gates of the Rocky Mountains.
Surajit Chattopadhyay
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus
Ann Arbor, Michigan:  Virtual Downtown Experiments, Part II
Taejung Kwon, Adrien A. Lazzaro, Paul J. Oppenheim, Aaron Rosenblum
Ann Arbor, Michigan:  Virtual Downtown Experiments, Part III
Mail
About:  Tornado Siren Location: Ann Arbor, Michigan


  2003
Volume XIV, Number 1, 2003

CURRENT ISSUE
SOLSTICE, VOLUME XIV, NUMBER 1; 
SUMMER, 2003.
Cover
Front matter: Summer, 2003.
Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
Awards to Solstice Authors
In Memoriam
Articles (reviewed):
Sandra Arlinghaus, Michael Batty, and John Nystuen
Animated Time Lines:  Coordination of Spatial and Temporal Information
Sutapa Chaudhuri and Surajit Chattopadhyay
Viewing the relative importance of some surface parameters associated with pre-monsoon thunderstorms through Ampliative Reasoning
Kulwinder Kaur
On L1-Convergence of Modified Sine Sums
TeX file link.
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus
1.  Ann Arbor, Michigan:  Virtual Downtown Experiments

2.  Tornado Siren Location: Ann Arbor, Michigan

Special section, I, on Ann Arbor, Michigan.
In commemoration of years of town/gown cooperation, associated with students in courses taught by S. Arlinghaus, 1992-present at The University of Michigan.  Thanks to the following individuals in the City of Ann Arbor who made these projects possible.  They have graciously supplied maps, aerials, and wise counsel on a regular basis:
  • Merle Johnson, GIS Expert, Information Technology Services, City of Ann Arbor
  • Karen Hart, Planning Director, Planning Department, City of Ann Arbor
  • Wendy L. Rampson, City Planner III, Planning Department, City of Ann Arbor
  • Coy Vaughn, City Planner III, Planning Department, City of Ann Arbor
  • Jeff Kahan, City Planner II, Planning Department, City of Ann Arbor
  • Chandra Hurd, City Planner II, Planning Department, City of Ann Arbor
  • Matthew Kowalski, Assistant Planner, Planning Department, City of Ann Arbor
  • Heather R. Edwards, Historic Preservation Coordinator, City of Ann Arbor
  • Matthew Naud, Environmental Coordinator, City of Ann Arbor
  • Ethel Potts, Zoning Board of Appeals
  • Jean Carlberg, City Council

Please e-mail if interested in files that are no longer posted; they may be available.

New Projects in Solstice, reflecting interaction between University of Michigan students (or others) and municipal authorities. Links to existing projects already published in Solstice. Links (and citations) to older projects, not in Solstice, reflecting interaction between University of Michigan students and municipal authorities
Mail
Solstice Archive

2002
Volume XIII, Number 2, 2002

CURRENT ISSUE
SOLSTICE, VOLUME XIII, NUMBER 2; 
WINTER, 2002.
Cover
Front matter: Winter, 2002.
Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
Articles (reviewed):
Marc Schlossberg
Visual Accessibility with GIS
Robert F. Austin
Cost Proxy Models in Rural Telephone Companies
Surajit Chattopadhyay
Predicting Pre-monsoon Thunderstorms--
A Statistical View through Propositional Logic
Robert F. Austin and Porter E. Childers
Disaggregation and Targeting of Universal Service Support 
Kulwinder Kaur, Babu Ram, and S. S. Bhatia
TeX file for the reader to run LaTeX, or, a .pdf below:
L1-Convergence of Cosine Series with Hyper Semi Convex Coefficients
Sandra L. Arlinghaus and William C. Arlinghaus
Spatial Synthesis:  A Research Program
Solstice Archive


2002
Volume XIII, Number 1, 2002

CURRENT ISSUE
SOLSTICE, VOLUME XIII, NUMBER 1; 
SUMMER, 2002.
Cover
Front matter: Summer, 2002.
Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
Research Note:
Sandra Arlinghaus, Salma Haidar, and Mark Wilson
Animated Map Timeline, Syria
Articles (reviewed):
B. Derudder and F. Witlox
Classification Techniques in Complex Databases: 
Assessment of Vagueness and Sparsity in a Network of World Cities
John D. Nystuen
The Thünen Society, North American Division
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus
The Lights Are On, All Over the World
Mapping Projects, Urban Planning 507, 2002
The University of Michigan 
(selections):
Interactive Internet Maps: Animated Maps:
Materials Received
Solstice Archive.

2001
Volume XII, Number 1
2001
Volume XII, Number 2
2000
Volume XI, Number 1
    Cover
Front matter: Summer, 2000
    Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
John D. Nystuen
    Set in Stone:  An Analemma in Northern Italy
Richard Wallace
    Personal Reflections on Solar Power
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus
    Animaps, IV:  Of Time and Place
     On a slow modem this article will take a long time to load.
Book Review.
Review of:  Arundhati Roy, The Cost of Living, Modern Library, 1999, 126 pp., $11.95 (pap.).
Reviewer:  Richard Wallace.


2000
Volume XI, Number 2
     Cover
Front matter: Winter, 2000
     Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
To the Memory of Donald Frederick Lach, 1917-2000
     Dedication
John D. Nystuen, Photo Essay
     Fifty Years of Spatial Analysis:  A Symposium in Honor of William L. Garrison  1950-2000
      (High-speed connection recommended.)
Sandra L. Arlinghaus and Lloyd R. Phillips
     A Neighborhood Information System within Ann Arbor, Michigan
Courtney Gober
     Animaps, Again
Nakia D. Baird
     Animap Sequences
     (High-speed connection recommended)
1999
Volume X, Number 1
Cover
Front matter: Summer, 1999.  Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
Dedication  To John D. Nystuen, on the occasion of his retirement from The University of Michigan
John D. Nystuen, Metropolitan Mining: Institutional and Scale Effects on the Salt Mines of Detroit
Sandra L. Arlinghaus and William C. Arlinghaus. Animaps III:  Color Straws, Color Voxels, and Color Ramps.
Richard Wallace.  Book Review:  André I. Khuri, Thomas Mathew, and Bimal K. Sinha, Statistical Tests for Mixed Linear Models, John Wiley & Sons, 1998, 352 pp., $69.95 (cloth).
Seema Desai Iyer.  Book Review:  Castells, Manuel (1996). The Rise of the Network Society (The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture, Volume 1). Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers, Inc. (556 pages, bibliography 51 pages, index 23 pages).

1999
Volume X, Number 2
Cover
Front matter: Winter, 1999
    Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
    E-mail from readers
    Festschrift: Nystuen CD
Jeffrey A. Nystuen
    Listening to Raindrops
Sandra L. Arlinghaus
    A Map of Jackson, Mississippi
Books Received; Brief Summaries:
    Julius S. Bendat, Nonlinear Systems Techniques and Applications
    Paul M. DeRusso, Rob J. Roy, Charles M. Close, Alan A. Desrochers, State Variables for Engineers
1998
Volume IX, Number 1,
Cover and table of content
Front matter: Summer, 1998.  Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
Sandra L. Arlinghaus, William D. Drake, and John D. Nystuen with data and other input from:  Audra Laug, Kris S. Oswalt, and Diana Sammataro.  Animaps.
Frank E. Barmore (reprinted, in part, from The Wisconsin Geographer (with permission)).
Spatial Analysis, the Wisconsin Idea and the UW-System.  The Use and Abuse of Dispersion Statistics
Sandra L. Arlinghaus, Ruben De la Sierra.  Revitalizing Maps or Images?
John D. Nystuen.  Book Review:  The Universe Below by William J. Broad  (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1997, 432 pages)

1998
Volume IX, Number 2
Cover
Front matter:  Winter, 1998.  Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus.  Animated Four Color Theorem:  Sample Map.
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus.  Animaps, II.
Daniel Albert.  Book Review:  Rising Tide: The Great Mississippi Flood of 1927 and How it Changed America, by John M. Barry
1997
Volume VIII, Number 1
Front matter: Summer, 1997 Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
Author: John D. Nystuen. Why Whales Don't Freeze or Kidney-Shaped Airports: Spatial Analysis and Spatial Design.
Author: Frank Harary. To the Memory of Clyde Tombaugh, 1906-1997.

1997
Volume VIII, Number 2
Front matter:  Winter, 1997.  Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement.
John D. Nystuen.  The Photographic Record.  SunSweep:  A Visit on the Summer Solstice.
Sandra L. Arlinghaus, Frederick L. Goodman, Daniel A. Jacobs. Buffers and Duality.
Sandra L. Arlinghaus, William C. Arlinghaus.  A Graph Theoretic View of the Join-Count Statistic.
John D. Nystuen, Andrea I. Frank.  Differences in Feature Representation in Digital Map Bases.
1996
Volume VII, Number 1
John D. Nystuen, Rhonda Ryznar, Thomas Wagner. "The Greening of Detroit, 1975-1992: Physical Effects of Decline."
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus. "Algebraic Aspects of Ratios."
Daniel Jacobs. "U.S. Route 12 Buffer."

1996
Volume VII, Number 2
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus. "Web Fractals: An Overview."
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus. "Part II. Elements of Spatial Planning. Theory. Merging Maps: Node Labeling Strategies.
1995
Volume VI, Number 1
Richard Wallace: "Motor Vehicle Transport and Global Climate Change: Policy Scenarios."
Sandra L. Arlinghaus, William C. Arlinghaus, John D. Nystuen: "Discrete Mathematics and Counting Derangements in Blind Wine Tastings."


Figures for Volume VI, Number 1, 1995

1995
Volume VI, Number 2
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus: "Elements of Spatial Planning: Theory. Part I."
1994
Volume V, Number 1
Virginia Ainslie and Jack Licate: "Getting Infrastructure Built. Cleveland Infrastructure Team Shares Secrets of Success."
Frank E. Barmore: "Center Here; Center There; Center, Center Everywhere."
Barton R. Burkhalter: "Equal-Area Venn Diagrams of Two Circles: Their Use with Real-World Data."
Sandra L. Arlinghaus, William C. Arlinghaus, Frank Harary, John D. Nystuen. "Los Angeles, 1994--A Spatial Scientific Study."

1994
Volume V, Number 2
Sandra L. Arlinghaus, William C. Arlinghaus, Frank Harary: "The Paris Metro: Is its Graph Planar?"
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus: "Interruption!"
Reprint. Michael F. Dacey: "Imperfections in the Uniform Plane."
1993
Volume IV, Number 1
Sandra L. Arlinghaus and Richard H. Zander: "Electronic Journals: Observations Based on Actual Trials, 1987-Present."
John D. Nystuen: "Wilderness As Place."
Frank E. Barmore: The Earth Isn't Flat. And It Isn't Round Either: Some Significant and Little Known Effects of the Earth's Ellipsoidal Shape."
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus: "Micro-cell Hex-nets?"
Sandra L. Arlinghaus, William C. Arlinghaus, Frank Harary: "Sum Graphs and Geograhic Information."

1993
Volume IV, Number 2
William D. Drake, S. Pak, I. Tarwotjo, Muhilal, J. Gorstein, R. Tilden. "Villages in Transition: Elevated Risk of Micronutrient Deficiency."
1992
Volume III, Number 1
Harry L. Stern: "Computing Areas of Regions with Discretely Defined Boundaries."
Sandra L. Arlinghaus, John D. Nystuen, Michael J. Woldenberg: "The Quadratic World of Kinematic Waves."

1992
Volume III, Number 2
Reprint. Frank Harary: "What Are Mathematical Models and What Should They Be?"
Frank E. Barmore: "Where Are We? Comments on the Concept of Center of Population."
Sandra L. Arlinghaus and John D. Nystuen: "The Pelt of the Earth: An Essay on Reactive Diffusion."
1991
Volume II, Number 1
Sandra L. Arlinghaus, David Barr, John D. Nystuen: "The Spatial Shadow: Light and Dark--Whole and Part."

1991
Volume II, Number 2
Reprint. Saunders Mac Lane: "Proof, Truth, and Confusion, The Nora and Edward Ryerson Lecture at The University of Chicago in 1982."
Robert F. Austin: Digital Maps and Data Bases: Aesthetics versus Accuracy."
  1990
Volume I, Number 1
Reprint. William Kingdon Clifford: "Postulates of the Science of Space."
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus: "Beyond the Fractal."
William C. Arlinghaus: "Groups, Graphs, and God"

1990
Volume I, Number 2
John D. Nystuen: "A City of Strangers: Spatial Aspects of Alienation in the Detroit Metropolitan Region."
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus: "Scale and Dimension: Their Logical Harmony."
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus: "Parallels Between Parallels."
Sandra L. Arlinghaus, William C. Arlinghaus, and John D. Nystuen: "The Hedetniemi Matrix Sum: A Real-world Application."
Sandra Lach Arlinghaus: Fractal Geometry of Infinite Pixel Sequences: "Super-definition" Resoultion?"


1.  ARCHIVE
2.  Editorial Board, Advice to Authors, Mission Statement
3.  Awards
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3.




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Solstice:  An Electronic Journal of Geography and Mathematics
Institute of Mathematical Geography (IMaGe).
All rights reserved worldwide, by IMaGe and by the authors.
Please contact an appropriate party concerning citation of this article: sarhaus@umich.edu
http://www.imagenet.org
http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/handle/2027.42/58219

Solstice was a Pirelli INTERNETional Award Semi-Finalist, 2001 (top 80 out of over 1000 entries worldwide)

One article in Solstice was a Pirelli INTERNETional Award Semi-Finalist, 2003 (Spatial Synthesis Sampler).

Solstice is listed in the Directory of Open Access Journals maintained by the University of Lund where it is maintained as a "searchable" journal.

Solstice is listed on the journals section of the website of the American Mathematical Society, http://www.ams.org/
Solstice is listed in Geoscience e-Journals
IMaGe is listed on the website of the Numerical Cartography Lab of The Ohio State University:  http://ncl.sbs.ohio-state.edu/4_homes.html


Congratulations to all Solstice contributors.
Remembering those who are gone now but who contributed in various ways to Solstice or to IMaGe projects, directly or indirectly, during the first 25 years of IMaGe:

Allen K. Philbrick | Donald F. Lach | Frank Harary | William D. DrakeH. S. M. Coxeter | Saunders Mac Lane | Chauncy D. Harris | Norton S. Ginsburg | Sylvia L. Thrupp | Arthur L. Loeb | George Kish
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Ann Arbor, MI 48104
734.975.0246

http://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/handle/2027.42/58219
sarhaus@umich.edu